What is Dyslexia?

Dyslexia is an inherited neurobiological difference that makes it extremely difficult to learn to read, write and spell despite at least average and often above average intelligence. 

  • 15 - 20% of the world's population struggles to learn to read because of dyslexia.
  • In a typical Ontario classroom, up to five children are functionally illiterate because of untreated dyslexia.
  • Of the 1,359,326 elementary aged students in Ontario, it is likely that between 140,000 and 210,000 are dyslexic.

Children with dyslexia can learn to read well if they are identified early and are provided with a structured, evidence-based approach to reading. The problem in Canada is that far too many children with dyslexia are not receiving the help they need and deserve and we at Dyslexia Canada, intend to change that. 


The Challenge

Public schools across Canada need help to recognize and educate the 15 - 20% of children in the classroom with the invisible reading barrier called dyslexia. These children are the crisis in the classroom today and the face of adult illiteracy tomorrow. They need our help.


What is Dyslexia?

Dyslexia affects up to 1 and 5 people, but the experience of dyslexia isn't always the same. This difficulty in processing language exists along a spectrum - one that doesn't necessarily fit with labels like "normal" and "defective" Kelli Sandman-Hurley urges us to think again about dyslexic brain function and to celebrate the neurodiversity of the human brain.


Embracing Dyslexia

Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin. Individuals with dyslexia have trouble with reading, writing, and spelling despite having at least an average intelligence. It is estimated that 15 to 20 percent of the population is dyslexic but most are never identified or diagnosed and left to struggle their entire life.